REINVENTING THE WAY WE SWIM
After observing freestyle swimmers performing the flip turn during races, Adolph Kiefer thought to himself, "If they can do it on their stomach, I can do it on my back".
Throughout 1935 and 1936, Adolph Kiefer worked tirelessly to refine and perfect a new innovative backstroke flip turn. Adolph Kiefer threw one arm across his opposite shoulder, over his head, and bringing his knees up to his chest, while spinning with his opposite hand - putting two feet firmly against the wall, and then finally taking a hard kick and a long pull to propel himself through the water. Amazingly, 70 years later, the "backstroke flip turn" Adolph invented is still commonly used.